麻省理工学院(Massachusetts Institute of Technology)

创立于1861年, 坐落于美国马萨诸塞州剑桥市(大波士顿地区),是世界著名私立研究型大学。 作为世界顶尖高校,麻省理工学院尤其以自然及工程学享誉世界,位列2015-16 年世界大学学术排名(ARWU)工程学世界第1、计算机科学第2,与斯坦福大 学、加州大学伯克利分校一同被称为工程科技界的学术领袖。截至2017年,著名马萨诸塞州理工师生、校友或研究人员包括了91位诺贝尔奖得主、52位国家科学奖章获奖者、45位罗德学者、38名麦克阿瑟奖得主、6名菲尔兹奖获奖者、25位图灵奖得主。此校同时具很强的创业文化,由其校友所创办的公司利润总值相当于全球第十一大经济体。

麻省理工学院(Massachusetts Institute of Technology)

环境工程科研

 

一、项目简介

该科研内容涉及MIT 环境工程2个研究组的最新科研。在该科研中,学生们不仅可以学到环境工程的基础知识,而且会深入讨论该领域的最新的科研工作。科研完成时,学生不仅了解到环境工程领域的相关知识和世界最前沿的研究项目及进展,而且还可以了解一手的麻省理工学院内部留学申请信息。

 

科研主题:环境工程;

科研导师MIT相关专业导师;

科研地点:MIT相关专业科研项目组;

科研时间:寒假或者暑假,每期时间长度为3—4周;

(针对假期只有3周的学生,可选3周实地+1周远程,确保科研收获)

具体情况根据学生面试情况由美方进行调整;

报名后1周安排面试,面试前辅导学生阅读1篇专业论文;

 

二、招募要求

面向对象:欲申请美国名校相关专业的高中生、大学生;

专业背景:环境工程等相关专业;

软性背景:有一定的科研履历者优先;

 

三、科研内容

课题一:

Climate Change and Global Carbon 气候变化与全球碳循环

Keywords: climate change, carbon cycle, organic carbon, ocean

关键词:气候变化,碳循环,有机碳,海洋

Recommendation: This project will focus on a hot topic in the field of Earth science: climate change. This project is a perfect fit for students who are interested in understanding how the Earth climate has changed in the past and knowing how human have induced climate change over the past century.

建议:本项目将集中讨论地球科学领域的一个热门话题:气候变化。这个项目非常适合那些有兴趣了解过去地球气候如何变化并了解人类在过去一个世纪中如何引起气候变化的学生。

Introduction:

One of the primary goals of Earth sciences is to investigate the past to better predict Earths future. The carbon dioxide level in the atmosphere is an important parameter to consider as it is highly related to the temperature on Earth and therefore largely affects the evolution of the biosphere. Consequently, many studies focus on studying carbon cycling on Earth since atmospheric carbon dioxide is an important pool of global carbon cycle and closely interacts with many other carbon pools, such as carbon stored in rocks, sediments and soils. Since the industrial resolution in 1900s, human activities have largely elevated the natural carbon dioxide level in the atmosphere. It has been proposed that the atmospheric temperature has elevated by 0.7 degree since the industrial resolution. Rivers on Earth are an important pathway of carbon mobilization because rivers transport carbon from terrestrial sources, such as soils and plants to the ocean, where the carbon will be burial permanently. Considering that carbon in plants and soils are formed from the atmospheric carbon dioxide through photosynthesis, the river transport and the following carbon burial in the ocean serves as an effective way of drawing down the atmospheric carbon dioxide level. However, this process is complicated in the nature systems and requires many factors to be considered to better predict Earths future.

This primary goal of this project is to ensure students have a good understanding of Earth as a system and the general carbon cycling on earth. Many topic and processes will be covered in this project. As explained earlier, riverine transport of carbon from the land to the ocean is one topic. Another possible topic could be the erosion and oxidation of carbon from rocks. Other topics could be discussed if students have a specific preference. Students are encouraged to work on one specific process. Students will be recommended to make a presentation on the work they have done and a short review would be preferred in either English or Chinese.

课题二:

Identifying Sources and Ages of Petroleum Oils Using Organic Geochemical Biomarkers

利用有机地球化学生物标志物识别石油的来源和时代

Keywords: petroleum, oil, organic geochemistry, biomarker

关键词:石油、石油、有机地球化学、生物标志物

Recommendation: This is a project designed for students who have background in chemistry and biology. This project is recommended for any students who are interested in the industrial market and research position for their career.

建议:这是一个为有化学和生物背景的学生设计的项目。此项目适合对工业市场和研究感兴趣的学生。

Introduction:

Petroleum oil is formed in the sedimentary basins (e.g., paleo-lakes, coastal margins) over millions of years. Oil exploration, especially oil reservoir evaluation, requires us have a good understanding of when the oil was formed, how the oil was migrated and how good the quality of the oil is. Organic geochemistry is a popular tool of investigating properties of the oil and answering all these questions by analyzing oil samples quickly on the instrument. However, in order to answer all these questions and to provide useful consulting reports to the industry, it is necessary to have a solid background in organic geochemistry, especially oil related biomarkers. Specifically, it requires us understand how these biomarkers are formed and how they are altered depending on environmental conditions and the history of oil generation. In the meantime, many biomarkers used for oil exploration could be applied in many other fields, such as answering environmental related questions.

The goal of this project is to ensure students have a good understanding in organic geochemistry, to be familiar with some oil-related biomarkers. Meanwhile, students will be provided with data generated from real oil samples. Students are encouraged to explore the possible age, source, maturity of these oil samples based on the knowledge they will learn. Students are recommended to write a report including background of some specific biomarkers and the logic they use to diagnose these samples.

 

四、选拔流程:

1) 提交报名表

2) 科研组择优面试

3) 面试通过后,发送录取确认书

4) 协调机票、接机、住宿;

5) 赴美开始科研

6)科研结束,完成结题报告或者论文,完善科研总结丰富的CVPS履历,表现优秀获得导师推荐信。

 

五、科研收获

1. 进入美国名校实验室/科研组,接触尖端科学

为未来赴美深造做准备;科研经历是美国名校申请的基石,顶级名校的科研项目是对学生有能力完成名校学业最好的证明;

2. 师从导师开展实验项目

高层次的人脉和校友关系,与学生为伍的人是诺贝尔奖获得者、美国科学院院士、教授、名校博士、硕士,学生将体验到世界最顶级学术专家们的思想和气质;

3. 获得导师推荐信和科研证书;

对于优秀学生可以获得名校导师的推荐信,大大助力未来的留学申请;

4. 全天候专业英语环境,迅速提升专业水平;

提升沟通和专业英语水平,提升专业知识和能力,用实践使学生的理论知识更加具体形象;

5. 高含金量收获助力未来留学深造及就业

在名校导师指导下的科研过程将帮助学生明确自身发展方向,不断深化对于美国学界的了解与认同,帮助参与学生及家长明确未来的学校及专业申请方向;从而更好的明确留学的目的与意义,摆脱盲目,获得真知;

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